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Thornhill Podiatrist | Thornhill Different Types of Nail Fungus and the Treatments | ON | The Foot Institute |


Darryl Cohen and Associates
NHD Pod(SA), BSc(Hons)(Podiatric Studies)


441 Clark Ave West
Suite 201
Thornhill, ON
L4J 6W8
(Sobeys Plaza at corner Clark and Hilda)
(905) 886-3965


Lawrence Square Shoppng Centre
700 Lawrence Ave West
Suite 125
Toronto, ON
M6A 3B4  
(416) 787-1381


Different Types of Nail Fungus and the Treatments

There are various types of nail fungus that occur as a result of both internal and external factors. Scientifically known as onychomycosis, nail fungus can make the nails to thicken, twist or discolor. They rely on dark and moist surroundings to multiple successfully. If left untreated, these infections can lead to serious ill effects. Let us look through the four main categories of nail fungus, their symptoms and nail fungus treatment vaughan options.

Types of Nail Fungus

Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

Although this is a rare infection, it is a common occurrence for those with HIV. The main culprits behind this infections are dermatophytes.


- The fungus penetrating deep into the nail layers, until it reaches and infects the skin surface within.

- The nail pulling away from the nail fold, causing immense pain.

- Toe nails are discolored into a white or yellow formation near the cuticle.

- The proximal section of the nail thickens, turning deformed and crusty in nature.

Candida Nail Infection

Candida nail infections often occur more on the fingernails than it would on toenails. Candida is the yeast behind this infection and is believed to be the worst type of nail fungal infection.


- Detaching of the nail plate from the normal nail bed.

- The nail turning green or yellow in color

- The nail thickening and becoming deformed.

- The nail appearing opaque.

- The nail folding in and getting swollen and inflamed, an ingrown toenail-like situation, though much serious.

White Superficial Onychomycosis

This type of nail fungal infection is very common, though it is fairly easier to cure than other types. The organism that causes this infection is known as trichophyton mentagrophytes. Remedies for such cases involve the use of topical creams to prevent the fungus from further infecting the nails.


- White spots in which a powdery crust is formed over the nail top indicates the beginning of the infection.

- White matter that may be rubbed off initially, forms on the nail top.

- Nail top turns deformed and crusty; the nail seems to be breaking apart.

Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

The trichophyton rubrum is the organism responsible for this infection, causing athlete's foot.


- The nail turns to green, yellow or white color and sometimes, a mixture of these three colors.

- The nail tips are often infected, with the fungus appearing in the space between the nail toe and tip.

- The nail turns round and thick 

- Dry matter build up between the nail bed and nail palate.

- The nail palate starts to pull away from the skin underneath it.

- One may feel pain in some rare cases 

- Uneven nail top.


When you spot any sign of nail fungus, it is advisable to consult a doctor and get treated in time before the condition escalates. When it comes nail fungus treatment Vaughan, The Foot Institute uses a powerful laser to get rid of these infections in just a few treatments. It is also important to always take good care of your feet, and follow hygienic routines to keep fungi at bay. This include avoiding tight, closed off footwear, not taking bath in public areas such as gyms and not engaging in activities involving exertion. 

Thornhill Podiatrist The Foot Institute is a poidiatry office providing Different Types of Nail Fungus and the Treatments, orthopedic, pain, diabetes, bunions and much more in Thornhill, ON. We also do Achilles Tendonitis, Allergic Contact Dermatitis , Athlete's Foot, Brachymetatarsia, Bunions, Calluses, Diabetic Foot Care, Flatfoot (Fallen Arches), Ganglions, Haglund's Deformity, Hallux Rigidus, Hammertoes, Heel Pain/Fasciitis, Infections, Injuries, Ingrown Toenails, Metatarsalgia, Morton's Neuroma, Onychomycosis, Osteoarthritis, Pediatric Foot Care, Plantar Warts, Plantar Fasciitis, Posterior Tibial Dysfunction, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Running Injuries, Sesamoiditis, Sprains/Strains, Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, Taylor's Bunion, Tendonitis, Toe Deformities, Xerosis and all work related in the L4J6W8 area and surrounding areas in Thornhill